Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik
DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 2227 „Identität und Erbe“
Sitz: Prellerhaus | 3. OG | Raum 303
Geschwister-Scholl-Str. 6 | D-99423 Weimar
The concept of national capitals is contemporaneous with that of nation states. They serve as the centre of political power, house the national administration, an overwhelming majority of national cultural institutions and the most important spaces of remembering. Spaces concentrating these functions play an outstanding role in any nation’s material self-representation. Every power shapes the capital’s symbolic landscape according to its narrative on nationhood, adding further layers to its meaning.
It is no surprise then, that after its landslide victory in 2010 the new government of Hungary (a coalition of the conservative parties Fidesz (Hungarian Civic Party) and KDNP (Christian Democratic People’s Party)) puts considerable effort and funding into the reshaping of Budapest’s most important symbolic spaces. In the framework of several large-scale urban development projects justified by their role in the nation’s identity and remembering, the city’s most important symbolic spaces are fundamentally reshaped.
How is urban heritage instrumentalized in the national identity politics of a populist power, where “nation” only denotes supporters of the government in power? This work seeks the answer for this question by studying the development of Budapest’s most important symbolic spaces under the current Hungarian right-wing populist government led by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán.