Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik
DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 2227 „Identität und Erbe“
Sitz: Prellerhaus | 3. OG | Raum 303
Geschwister-Scholl-Str. 6 | D-99423 Weimar
In the 2010 general elections of Hungary, the coalition of Fidesz (Hungarian Civic Party) and KDNP (Christian Democratic People’s Party) won a landslide victory, granting it a two-thirds constitutional majority in parliament. The new government issued the Programme of National Cooperation proclaiming the election’s results an authorization from the united Hungarian nation (both within and outside the country’s boundaries) to establish a new political, economic and social order. In the following decade, the nation played a central role in the populist politics of the government driving the divide between its supporters and all other “anti-national” forces.
The urban development of Budapest, the national capital, has similarly seen radical changes compared to the two decades between the country’s transition from socialism in 1990, and the current government’s electoral victory in 2010. Large-scale development projects are transforming the city’s symbolic landscape to fit the government’s narratives of nationhood.
Current work aims to show the role of urban heritage projects in the discursive construction of national identity in contemporary Hungary, considering the different scales of powers shaping the city. Urban heritage is understood here as all actions within the city that use the past (selectively) for present political, economic and social purposes. Urban development projects are studied in their entirety, emphasizing that written, spoken and graphic elements of the projects play an equal role as their material outcomes.